The texts in this book have been created after studying the translations by James Legge and Richard Wilhelm.

I am aware that short, concise texts have their drawbacks. Clarity gained often means loss of subtle distinctions, which may result in oversimplification. Therefore, it should be recommended not to trust these texts blindly.

The reader should test them against own experience and insight and, for a complete picture, should also read other versions, for instance those by Legge and Wilhelm.

It will be obvious that attitude, decisions and acts always remain the reader's own responsibility.


Jacques van der Logt
Rosmalen, 1997